Rebooting the 'burbs of San Jose, one urban village at a time
The Doable City Reader
There is so much that can be done to make our cities happier, healthier and more prosperous places. Every day in cities around the world, citizens and city planners alike are showing us how small actions can scale up to have massive impact. And they can in your city too.
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In 1940, the small farming community of San Jose, Calif. sat nestled between sloping hillsides and the rugged Pacific Ocean. Back then, its humble downtown core was surrounded by walkable neighbourhoods. But when the post-war boom came in the 1960s and ’70s, San Jose was one of the fastest-growing cities in America. This rapid expansion, coupled with the midcentury demand for a suburban lifestyle, resulted in San Jose, like so many other cities, developing around the needs of cars, not people.
San Jose became a network of ribbons of asphalt linking low-density suburban areas as it swelled from a quaint town of 70,000 to a city of one million. By the 1970s the suburban exodus had taken its toll on the city’s once-vibrant downtown. Businesses closed or moved to malls in the suburbs, buildings were demolished and the core became littered with vacant lots.
That meant that when 2008 rolled around and San Jose city planners were pigeon-toeing their way into a new age of urbanism — one less beholden to the rollercoaster of international oil prices and focused instead around people and vibrant places — they were grappling with the same question as dozens of other cities across the country. San Jose is projected to grow by nearly half a million people by 2035. How on earth would they accommodate that level of growth while starting to shrink a giant, sprawling, auto-centric city to a walkable, human scale?
Their first step? Urban villages.
Urban villages are walkable, mixed-use neighbourhoods close to transit amenities. In San Jose’s urban plan, most housing and job growth is slated to take place in urban villages. The idea is to put these villages throughout the city to concentrate growth in strategic locations and enable both newcomers living in the villages as well as those in more traditional nearby neighbourhoods to be closer to day-to-day amenities. The goal is to create pockets of vibrant spaces where people can live, work, eat, drink, shop and be entertained all throughout the city, reducing the need for cars and making the city more livable as it grows.